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Investigations into federal institutions

The Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada (OPC) conducts investigations into the personal information handling practices of federal government institutions subject to the Privacy Act.

The Privacy Commissioner of Canada is subject to strict confidentiality obligations and can only make findings from investigations under the Privacy Act public in limited circumstances, such as through annual reports or special reports to Parliament.

On this page, you will find a selection of reports and summaries of investigations that have been made public. They demonstrate how the Act applies to the way the federal government collects, uses or discloses personal information.

For each case, the Office indicates the outcome using a set of defined terms for findings and dispositions.

Note: Complainants' names have been removed in the summaries and reports.

Special Report to Parliament - Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act

Police use of Facial Recognition Technology in Canada and the way forward

Special report to Parliament on the OPC’s investigation into the RCMP’s use of Clearview AI and draft joint guidance for law enforcement agencies considering the use of facial recognition technology

Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act

CBSA should only retain travelers’ digital device passcodes when necessary

Commissioner's Findings 2019-2020 under the Privacy Act

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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act
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Commissioner's Findings: Privacy Act

Statistics Canada: Invasive data initiatives should be redesigned with privacy in mind

Commissioner's Findings 2018-2019 under the Privacy Act

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